Has the prevalence of meth/amphetamine use in Australia changed over time by gender?

Between 1995 and 2016, Australian men were more likely than Australian women to have used meth/amphetamine in the past 12 months. The highest prevalence of meth/amphetamine use by men occurred in 1998 (5.0%), and by women in 2001 (2.7%). Prevalence of meth/amphetamine use was lowest for both men (1.8%) and women (1.0%) in 2016.

In 1995, 2.8% of Australian males had used meth/amphetamine in the past 12 months compared to 5.0% in 1998, 4.2% in 2001, 4.0% in 2004, 3.0% in 2007, 2.5% in 2010, 2.7% in 2013 and 1.8% in 2016. In 1995, 1.5% of Australian females had used meth/amphetamine in the past 12 months compared to 2.5% in 1998, 2.7% in 2001, 2.5% in 2004, 1.6% in 2007, 1.7% in 2010, 1.5% in 2013 and 1.0% in 2016.

Source: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey and 2016 National Drug Strategy Household Survey.

† Meth/amphetamine: This term covers a range of stimulant drugs including methamphetamine and amphetamine. The National Drug Strategy Household Survey (NDSHS) described meth/amphetamine as including drugs commonly known as speed, ice, crystal, whizz, Ritalin, or pseudoephedrine-based cold and flu tablets.