Has the main form of meth/amphetamine used by Australians changed over time?

In 2007, the majority (51%) of Australians who had used meth/amphetamine in the past 12 months reported that powder was the main form that they used. By contrast, in 2013 crystal methamphetamine (ice) was the main form used by most users (50%).

In 2007, 51% of Australians who used meth/amphetamine in the past 12 months used powder as their main form, 1% used liquid, 27% used crystal/ice, 12% used base/paste/pure, 5% used tablets, and 3% used prescription amphetamines. The proportion of meth/amphetamine users who used capsules as their main form is not available. In 2010, 51% of Australians who used meth/amphetamine in the past 12 months used powder as their main form, 0.9%** used liquid, 22% used crystal/ice, 12% used base/paste/pure, 8% used tablets, and 7% used prescription amphetamines. The proportion of meth/amphetamine users who used capsules as their main form is not available. In 2013, 29% of Australians who used meth/amphetamine in the past 12 months used powder as their main form, 0.5%** used liquid, 50% used crystal/ice, 8%* used base/paste/pure, 8%* used tablets, 3%* used prescription amphetamines, and 2%* used capsules. * Estimate has a relative standard error of 25% to 50% and should be used with caution. ** Estimate has a relative standard error greater than 50% and is considered too unreliable for general use.

Source: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey.

† Meth/amphetamine: This term covers a range of stimulant drugs including methamphetamine and amphetamine. The National Drug Strategy Household Survey (NDSHS) described meth/amphetamine as including drugs commonly known as speed, ice, crystal, whizz, Ritalin, or pseudoephedrine-based cold and flu tablets.

* Estimate has a relative standard error of 25% to 50% and should be used with caution.

** Estimate has a relative standard error greater than 50% and is considered too unreliable for general use.

Please note: Percentages may not tally to 100% due to rounding.